Calculate all three quartiles (upper, middle, and lower) as well as the interquartile range (iqr) for the given data set using the quartile calculator.
Along with the quartile values, this calculator also provides a box graph, ascending descending arrangement of values, and median of the group.
To use this calculator, follow the steps given below:
It will give you the calculated IQR, first quartile, second quartile, and third quartile.
1 | What is a quartile? |
2 | Quartile formula |
3 | How to calculate quartiles? |
Quartile calculator is used to find the first, second, third, and inter quartiles of the given numbers. This q1 q2 q3 calculator also calculates the ascending and descending orders of the given list of numbers.
A quartile is a type of quantile that has three points separated into four equivalent classes, each of which accounts for a fourth of the dispersed population.
There is a total of three quartiles in a data set:
The first quartile also referred to as the lower quartile, is equal to the 25th percentile of the data. The Q_{1} separates the lowest 25% of data from the highest 75%.
The second quartile, also known as the middle quartile or median of a data set is equal to the 50th percentile of the data. It cuts data in half.
The third quartile, also known as the upper quartile (QU), represents the 75th percentile of the data. It separates the lowest 75% of data from the highest 25%.
The formula for various quartiles can be written as follow:
The quartile formula for Q1 or first quartile formula can be expressed as:
Q_{1}= \(\dfrac{1(n+1)^{th}}{4}\) term
The quartile formula for Q3 or third quartile formula can be expressed as:
Q_{3}= \(\dfrac{3(n+1)^{th}}{4}\) term
The quartile formula for Q3 or third quartile or median formula can be expressed as:
Q_{2} = \(\dfrac{(n+1)^{th}}{2}\) term
The quartile formula for interquartile range IQR can be expressed as:
IQR = Q_{3} – Q_{1}
Example
Find all the quartiles for the group below:
Solution
Step 1: Arrange the data in ascending order.
Step 2: Find the first Quartile (Q_{1}):
Q_{1}= \(\dfrac{1(n+1)^{th}}{4}\) term
Q_{1}= \(\dfrac{1(7+1)^{th}}{4}\) term
Q_{1}= \(\dfrac{8}{4}^{th}\) term
Q_{1}= \(2^{nd}\) term which is 2.
Step 3: Find the second Quartile (Q_{2}):
Q_{2}= \(\dfrac{2(n+1)^{th}}{4}\) term
Q_{2}= \(\dfrac{2(7+1)^{th}}{4}\) term
Q_{2}= \(\dfrac{16}{4}^{th}\) term
Q_{2}= \(4^{th}\) term which is 4.
Step 4: Find the third Quartile (Q_{3}):
Q_{3}= \(\dfrac{3(n+1)^{th}}{4}\) term
Q_{3}= \(\dfrac{3(7+1)^{th}}{4}\) term
Q_{3}= \(\dfrac{24}{4}^{th}\) term
Q_{3}= \(6^{th}\) term which is 8.
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